Mesothelioma Treatment that May Recommended by A Doctor
There are several steps of mesothelioma treatment that may be recommended by a doctor.
The selected treatment plan will depend on the condition of the disease, the stage of the cancer, and the general health of the patient.
Although mesothelioma is classified as incurable cancer, and commonly only can be detected at an advanced stage, it is more treatment steps to reduce the mesothelioma symptoms.
While there are several treatment options for pleural and abdominal mesothelioma, in another case such as pericardial and tunica vaginalis mesothelioma has not been treated because it is considered more rare.
However, the cancer that is still at an early stage can be removed through surgery or the patient still can taking other treatments to reduce the symptoms.
Read for related information : Understanding the Different Types and Cases of Malignant Mesothelioma
Here are some common mesothelioma treatment steps:
A. Mesothelioma Treatment with Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is a drug used to decrease or inhibit cancer growth.
These drugs can spread throughout the body and can be used before surgery or after surgery.
In the case of peritoneal mesothelioma, the drug can be heated and given directly into the abdominal cavity in order not to injure healthy tissue in other body parts.
This method allows the doses of chemotherapy drugs to be given in high doses.
Chemotherapy that given before the surgical procedures can ease surgery because cancer cells have been minimized before they are removed.
Chemotherapy that given after surgery will reduce the risk of cancer coming back.
B. Mesothelioma Treatment with Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy may be performed after surgical procedures to eradicate leftover cancer cells or reduce symptoms of advanced cancer when surgery is not possible.
In its application, this therapy uses high-energy emission levels, for example, X-rays and proton beams, which are focused on specific body areas.
C. Mesothelioma Treatment with Surgery
Surgery is performed to remove the cancer that is generally still in the early stages of disease progression, although in some cases still can not successfully remove cancer cells completely.
Surgery can also be done to reduce the symptoms of advanced cancer that has spread to other body parts in order to reduce symptoms suffered.
Here are some commonly performed surgery options for mesothelioma sufferers.
#1. The surgical procedure to remove as much as possible cancer cells from the patient’s body.
This surgical procedure allows doctors to continue treatment with radiotherapy to reduce pain and prevent excessive fluid accumulation due to mesothelioma.
#2. The surgical procedure to reduce fluid accumulation in the chest area that may interfere with breathing.
The surgery is performed by inserting a catheter tube into the chest to suck the fluid.
Doctors can also inject drugs to prevent recurrence of fluid accumulation, also known as pleurodesis procedures.
#3. The surgical procedure to remove tissue around the abdominal cavity, ribs, or lungs that have been exposed by cancer cells.
This procedure aims to help reduce the symptoms and signs of mesothelioma.
#4. The surgical procedure to remove the lung part that affected by cancer and their surrounding tissue to relieve symptoms in patients with pleural mesothelioma.
This procedure is usually followed by high-dose radiotherapy.
D. Mesothelioma Treatment with Multimodality therapy
This therapy is a combination of three or more treatment steps, such as surgery, postoperative chemotherapy (adjuvant chemotherapy), and radiation therapy to increase the success rate of treatment.