Kinds of Mesothelioma Diagnosis That You Should Know
Mesothelioma diagnosis will begin with anamnesis about the symptoms suffered, personal and family medical history.
Anamnesis is a conversation performed by the doctor to the patient directly as a way to get data about the condition and medical problems that are being experienced by the patient.
Besides anamnesis, the doctor will perform a physical examination to check for lumps or signs of other abnormal.
Furthermore, the doctor may instruct perform an investigation as part of the mesothelioma diagnosis effort.
Common examination for mesothelioma diagnosis, such as X-ray to check if there is any abnormality in the chest and a CT scan to check the chest and abdomen area.
Biopsy or other tests may also be performed to determine what causes of the disease symptoms.
Read more : Mesothelioma Causes that You Need to Know
Biopsy is a laboratory examination of a small amount of tissue that can be taken from different parts of the body, depending on the location of the disease.
Then this tissue will be checked in the laboratory to determine what kind of cells that cause abnormalities, as well as know the type of the cancer.
There are some types of biopsy that may be recommended for mesothelioma diagnosis, namely:
- Biopsy uses a small fine needle to pull tissue or fluid from the chest or abdomen.
- Laparoscopy – Biopsy by making small wedges in the abdominal area to take tissue. This procedure is assisted by a surgical instrument and a very small camera.
- Laparotomy – Biopsy by dissecting open the abdomen to take tissue to be examined for the presence of disease or other abnormalities.
- Thoracoscopic or VATS (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery) – Biopsy by making a small incision between the ribs to insert a camera and small surgical instrument into the chest cavity and take a small sample of tissue to be examined.
- Thoracotomy – Biopsy by dissecting an area between the ribs to examine the area, whether there are signs of disease and taking tissue samples if necessary.
Once the diagnosis is established, the doctor will perform further tests on the patient’s body, such as MRI imaging and mapping tests PET, to determine the stage of disease and treatment steps that can be taken.
There are four levels (stage) in pleural mesothelioma, while the spreading stage in other rare types of mesothelioma is still not known with certainty.
Four stages of pleural mesothelioma consist of:
Stage I – The cancer is still localized conditions, that is only in one area in the chest lining.
Stage II – The cancer has spread beyond the chest lining to the area of the lung or diaphragm.
Stage III – The cancer has spread to other areas in the chest or has invaded nearby lymph nodes. Several locations in the human lymph nodes is in the neck, armpits and around the groin.
Stage IV – The advanced stage cancer that has spread to the entire chest or other body areas, such as brain and liver.
Read for more information : Factors Affecting Mesothelioma Prognosis